Tips & tools

English & Afrikaans terminology

Sometimes kitchen words in English and Afrikaans can be confusing. Some words are very similar, other words are completely different. These lists will help you make sense of these words, especially so that they are easy to find when you are shopping for ingredients.

Basic ingredients

English Afrikaans
barley gort
bran semels
buttermilk karringmelk
capers kappertjiesaad
castor sugar strooisuiker
chickpeas kekerertjies
coconut milk klappermelk
condensed milk kondensmelk
cornflour mielieblom
cottage cheese maaskaas
couscous koeskoes
cream cheese roomkaas
honey heuning
icing sugar versiersuiker
lentils lentils
oats hawermout
olive oil olyfolie
peanuts grondboontjies
pearled wheat stampkoring
pine nuts dennepitte
poppy seeds papawersaad
prawns garnale
samp stampmielies
self-raising flour bruismeel
sesame seeds sesamsaad
soy sauce sojasous
stock aftreksel
sunflower seeds sonneblomsaad
sweet chilli sauce soet brandrissiesous
wholegrain mustard korrelmosterd

Fruit and veggies

English Afrikaans
apricot appelkoos
asparagus aspersies
artichoke artisjokke
baby marrow/ courgette/ zucchini murgpampoentjie
blueberries bloubessies
brinjal/ eggplant/ aubergine eiervrug
butternut botterskorsie
cabbage kool
carrots wortels
cauliflower blomkool
cherries kersies
cranberries rooibosbessies
cucumber komkommer
figs vye
grapefruit pomelo
green beans groenboontjies
guava koejawel
kumquat koemkwats
leeks preie
lemon suurlemoen
lime lemmetjie
mealies/ corn mielies
mushroom sampioen
nectarine nektarien
onions uie
orange lemoen
papaya papaja
parsnip witwortel
peach perske
peas ertjies
pineapple pynappel
plum pruim
pomegranate seeds granaatpitte
potato aartappel
prickly pear turksvy
pumpkin pampoen
radish radys
raspberries frambose
red currants rooi-aalbessies
rhubarb rabarber
spring onions sprietuie
strawberries aarbeie
sweet pepper soetrissie
watermelon waatlemoen

Kitchen terminology

English Afrikaans
bake bak
batter beslag
beat klop
blend verpulp/ versap
boil kook
cream verroom
deep-fry diepbraai
dough deeg
drain dreineer
flaked gevlok
filling vulsel
fold vou
freeze vries
fry braai/ panbraai
garnish garneer
grill rooster
heat verhit
marinade marinade
marinate marineer
mix meng
paste pasta
pour giet
preheat voorverhit
reduce verlaag
roast rooster/ oondrooster
sauce sous
sauté soteer
season geur
serve voor sit
simmer prut
slivered gesplinterde
spoon skep
steam stoom
stir roer
stir-fry roerbraai
toast rooster
whisk klits

Herbs, spices and seasonings

English Afrikaans
allspice wonderpeper
aniseed anys
bay leaves lourierblare
cardamom kardemom
cayenne pepper rooipeper
chervil kerwel
chillies brandrissies
cinnamon kaneel
cloves naeltjies
coriander/ dhania koljander
cumin/ jeera komyn
curry powder kerriepoeier
dill dille
fennel vinkel
garlic knoffel
ginger gemmer
lemon grass sitroengras
marjoram marjolein
mint kruisement
nutmeg neutmuskaat
origanum origanum
paprika paprika
parsley pietersielie
peppercorns peperkorrels
rosemary roosmaryn
saffron saffraan
sage salie
tamarind tamarin
tarragon dragon
thyme tiemie
turmeric borrie

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