Tips & tools

English & Afrikaans terminology

Sometimes kitchen words in English and Afrikaans can be confusing. Some words are very similar, other words are completely different. The lists below will help you make sense of these words, especially so that they are easy to find when you are shopping for ingredients.

Basic ingredients

EnglishAfrikaans
avocado oilavokado-olie
barleygort
bransemels
buttermilkkarringmelk
caperskappertjiesaad
castor sugarstrooisuiker
chickpeaskekerertjies
coconut milkklappermelk
condensed milkkondensmelk
cornflourmielieblom
cottage cheesemaaskaas
couscouskoeskoes
cream cheeseroomkaas
honeyheuning
icing sugarversiersuiker
lentilslensies
oatshawermout
olive oilolyfolie
peanutsgrondboontjies
pearled wheatstampkoring
pine nutsdennepitte
poppy seedspapawersaad
prawnsgarnale
sampstampmielies
self-raising flourbruismeel
sesame seedssesamsaad
soy saucesojasous
stockaftreksel
sunflower seedssonneblomsaad
sweet chilli saucesoet brandrissiesous
wholegrain mustardkorrelmosterd

Fruit and veggies

EnglishAfrikaans
apricotappelkoos
asparagusaspersies
artichokeartisjokke
baby marrow/courgette/zucchinimurgpampoentjie
blueberriesbloubessies
brinjal/eggplant/aubergineeiervrug
butternutbotterskorsie
cabbagekool
carrotswortels
cauliflowerblomkool
cherrieskersies
cranberriesrooibosbessies
cucumberkomkommer
figsvye
grapefruitpomelo
green beansgroenboontjies
guavakoejawel
kumquatkoemkwats
leekspreie
lemonsuurlemoen
limelemmetjie
mealies/cornmielies
mushroomsampioen
nectarinenektarien
onionsuie
orangelemoen
papayapapaja
parsnipwitwortel
peachperske
peasertjies
pineapplepynappel
plumpruim
pomegranate seedsgranaatpitte
potatoaartappel
prickly pearturksvy
pumpkinpampoen
radishradys
raspberriesframbose
red currantsrooi-aalbessies
rhubarbrabarber
spring onionssprietuie
strawberriesaarbeie
sweet peppersoetrissie
watermelonwaatlemoen

Kitchen terminology

EnglishAfrikaans
bakebak
batterbeslag
beatklop
blendverpulp/versap
boilkook
creamverroom
deep-frydiepbraai
doughdeeg
draindreineer
flakedgevlok
fillingvulsel
foldvou
freezevries
frybraai/panbraai
garnishgarneer
grillrooster
heatverhit
marinademarinade
marinatemarineer
mixmeng
pastepasta
pourgiet
preheatvoorverhit
reduceverlaag
roastrooster/oondrooster
saucesous
sautésoteer
seasongeur
servevoor sit
simmerprut
sliveredgesplinterde
spoonskep
steamstoom
stirroer
stir-fryroerbraai
toastrooster
whiskklits

Herbs, spices and seasonings

EnglishAfrikaans
allspicewonderpeper
aniseedanys
bay leaveslourierblare
cardamomkardemom
cayenne pepperrooipeper
chervilkerwel
chilliesbrandrissies
cinnamonkaneel
clovesnaeltjies
coriander/dhaniakoljander
cumin/jeerakomyn
curry powderkerriepoeier
dilldille
fennelvinkel
garlicknoffel
gingergemmer
lemongrasssitroengras
marjorammarjolein
mintkruisement
nutmegneutmuskaat
origanumoriganum
paprikapaprika
parsleypietersielie
peppercornspeperkorrels
rosemaryroosmaryn
saffronsaffraan
sagesalie
tamarindtamaryn
tarragondragon
thymetiemie
turmericborrie

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